Apache

How To Configure Apache Web Page Authentication on Ubuntu / Debian

How To Configure Apache Web Page Authentication on Ubuntu / Debian
  1. How do I enable authentication in Apache?
  2. What is the preferred way to authenticate Apache?
  3. How do I password protect an Apache page?
  4. How do I enable Apache on Ubuntu?
  5. How do I disable basic authentication in Apache?
  6. How does Apache authentication work?

How do I enable authentication in Apache?

Create the Password File

We can use this to create a password file that Apache can use to authenticate users. We will create a hidden file for this purpose called . htpasswd within our /etc/apache2 configuration directory. The first time we use this utility, we need to add the -c option to create the specified file.

What is the preferred way to authenticate Apache?

The easiest way to add authentication to Apache configuration is to use mod_auth , which is compiled in by default and provides Basic authentication using plaintext password files as authentication source. You need the htpasswd utility to encrypt the passwords since storing passwords in plaintext is a bad idea.

How do I password protect an Apache page?

How to Password Protect an Apache Website using . htaccess

  1. Step 1: Configure your . htaccess file. All the work will be done using your . ...
  2. Step 2: Create the . htpasswd file. Creating the . ...
  3. Step 3: Verify Apache is configured properly *optional. By default, Apache has the correct Modules enabled. That being said, it never hurts to be a little proactive plus it's a quick “check”.

How do I enable Apache on Ubuntu?

How to Install Apache on Ubuntu

  1. Step 1: Install Apache. To install the Apache package on Ubuntu, use the command: sudo apt-get install apache2. ...
  2. Step 2: Verify Apache Installation. To verify Apache was installed correctly, open a web browser and type in the address bar: http://local.server.ip. ...
  3. Step 3: Configure Your Firewall.

How do I disable basic authentication in Apache?

Within the Apache configuration file the following config might be used to restrict access to a site within the directory /var/www/protected.

  1. <Directory /var/www/protected/>
  2. AuthName "Restricted Area"
  3. AuthType Basic.
  4. AuthUserFile /var/www/passwords/.htpasswd.
  5. AuthGroupFile /dev/null.
  6. Require valid-user.
  7. </Directory>

How does Apache authentication work?

Apache supports one other authentication method: AuthType Digest . This method is implemented by mod_auth_digest and was intended to be more secure. This is no longer the case and the connection should be encrypted with mod_ssl instead. The AuthName directive sets the Realm to be used in the authentication.

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